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Public Enemy Number One

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Public Enemy Number One


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For most of his working life, controversial Australian journalist Wilfred Burchett chose to report from the "other side". His unorthodox views and activities caused him to be labelled a traitor by many.

Burchett was the first Western journalist to report on the devastating after effects of the atomic bomb dropped on Hiroshima. He believed that the West was wrong to intervene in Korea. During the Vietnam war he lived among the Viet Cong, and was a friend and admirer of Ho Chi Minh.
"I write this as a warning to the world." So began the story filed at Hiroshima in August 1945 by Wilfred Burchett, the first Western journalist to witness the devastation of nuclear war. While 250 journalists were reporting on the Japanese surrender, Burchett alone realized the real story was in that doomed city, officially off limits to outsiders.
World War ll was the last war that Australian Wilfred Burchett was to report from his countrymen's side. It was his firm conviction that the West was wrong in Korea, and wrong later in Vietnam, and the stories he filed outraged the West. His long-standing friendship with Ho Chi Minh, the leader of North Vietnam, enabled him to live among the Vietcong.

Public Enemy Number One includes footage from the Vietnamese archives rarely seen in the West. Was Burchett a traitor as his detractors claim? There are no easy answers. Burchett insists he was exercising his journalistic responsibility in reporting the truth.
The West, he felt, was getting only a distorted view of the conflict. His critics, however, felt he was abetting the enemy and even brainwashing allied prisoners.

The Australian Government denied him a passport for 17 years, forcing him to live in exile. In tracing Burckett's life and the wars he covered, Public Enemy Number One raises many issues of vital importance:
- Can a democracy tolerate opinions it considers subversive to its national interest?
- How far can freedom of the press be extended in wartime?

A gripping part of the film occurs when filmmaker Bradbury was ambushed with Burchett by Cambodian guerillas on a mountain road. In the tradition of photojournalism, Bradbury's camera kept rolling, recording the bloody scene. Burchett escaped injury but cannot escape the irony that confronted him in Cambodia. The Pol Pot regime which he had championed had turned Cambodia into a killing ground worse than Hiroshima. Had his loyalties been misplaced after all?

Producer/Director: David Bradbury
Camera: Niels Van t'Hoff, Peter Levy, Richard Drechsler, Shalagh McCarthy
Sound: Jim Gerrand, Maarten van Keller, mark Dodshon, Simon Dodshon
Narration: Richard Oxenburgh
Music: James Moginie, Ralph Schneider, Lindsay Lee
Research: Richard Geeves, Moir Perkins, Jim Whitbread
Associate producer: Bob Connolly

"Public Enemy Number One has special value as a portrait of a maverick. The film should really be called Public Servant Number One. Wilfred Burchett shows great moral courage resisting pressures to conform. Journalism needs such independent spirits."
- Gordon Hitchens, film journalist

Chris Statuette, Columbus Film Festival, 1981
Flaherty Film Seminar, 1981
Edinburgh International Film Festival, 1981
Golden Gate Award, San Francisco Film Festival, 1981
Blue Ribbon, American Film Festival, 1981
Second Place, Baltimore International Film Festival, 1981
Best Film, Sydney Film Festival, 1981
Berlin Film Festival, 1981

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